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(IoT) Value or Hype

(IoT) Value or Hype

The Internet of Things ( IoT) is changing the way we interact with our surroundings, the ability to monitor and manage objects in the physical world electronically makes it possible to make decisions based on data-driven decision. This will result in better security, improved systems, valuable time and improving quality of life.

A high percentage of the data currently being generated is unused, the data is usually recalled after the fact i.e insurance companies review data from the on board computer or dash camera of cars after a crash, the black box of a plane is analysed after an incident. The data that are used today are mostly for irregularity detection and forensics and not for optimization and prediction, which provide the greatest value.

Data driven decisions will transform present day business processes, and move businesses from preventive maintenance to predictive maintenance, culminating in better asset utilization and higher productivity.

Applying the predictive model to human being the (IoT) through wearable devices attached to or inside the human body, have the potential to dramatically improve health outcomes. They can monitor in real-time metrics like medication use, activity level, blood pressure, heart rate, weight, body temperature, blood in urine etc. These help the health care provider to be predictive rather than reactive; this would result in life expectancy increasing. 

Homes and Buildings

A wide range of IoT devices and applications are emerging for use in the home, including connected thermostats, smart door locks, automation appliances, and smart meters. As these devices evolve, the biggest impact will come from energy management and security. Energy requirements will be lower, since the systems will be optimised with controllers which monitor and react based on pattern and usage. i.e Using motion sensor and digital security cameras with advanced image-processing capabilities,.

This will increase activity monitoring throughout a properties without requiring guards to patrol or continuously monitor video feeds will grow. 

Factories and Worksites

Human productivity applications include use of augmented-reality devices such as goggles through which data can be displayed to guide the performance of tasks in factories or hospitals .The goggles could present information such as instructions for physical tasks, which would appear in the field of vision, allowing the wearer to refer to the correct procedures or be instructed remotely. Using IoT data, companies can also redesign jobs and processes for greater efficiency and effectiveness. 

Improvements in equipment maintenance, inventory optimization, and worker health and safety, energy savings are all sources of value for manufacturing facilities, oil and gas extraction sites, construction sites and factories.

Cities

There are smart city initiatives in various states in Nigeria, the states and cities can benefit from the (IoT) in four areas: transportation, public safety, health, and service delivery. 

Transportation 

This is by far one of the largest applications of (IoT)-based systems pushing the frontier of electric and self-driving vehicles, adaptive traffic control, flight navigation, shipment tracking: IoT in vehicles, monitor and improve the performance of car, trucks, buses, planes and trains, while in use. It would reduce loses of lives from accidents due to human error and faulty assets. Vehicles can move from condition based maintenance to predictive based maintenance.

Individual, organizations and government should implement IoT based systems now to enjoy the cost saving, they do not have to wait to build new cities. 

Drivers and Challenges 

For the Internet of Things to deliver its maximum economic impact certain conditions would need to be in place and several obstacles would need to be overcome. Some of these issues are integration and compatibility of devices, availability of electricity to power to devices (Nano SolarGrid).  Other barrier are behavioural, consumers need to trust IoT-based systems and share their data, while companies need to embrace the data-driven approaches to decision making that IoT enables.  Also cyber security breach are a present and clear danger to the adoption of IoT.        

  1. Solar or renewable energy grid ( Nano Grids)

Small mirco grids which are being deployed in home and buildings to augment power supply have the ability to power IoT in home, building and farms. Battery and solar technologies are getting better and cheaper, in the next 10 years will see a dramatic increase in the use of renewable energy.

  1. Connectivity

The Internet connectivity has been improving over the last two decades, but still not available as we would like in many areas in Nigeria. IoT devices require constant and reliable connectivity for real time data transfer , a solution will be for building owner and developers of smart cities to build their own private networks( wifi, LAN or WAN). 

  1. Security

The objective of the (IoT) is to connect more and more devices together, this causes more entry points for malware, this is perhaps the biggest challenge. We have seen a trend in global cyber breaches at scales unseen before. There will be more embedding of security in device, as updates and new devices emerge; more trust will be established in the consumer's and business user's mind that the devices are safe. This is a continuous hurdle which we will constantly have to overcome.

  1. Interoperability and Integration

As different systems and devices are getting connected through IoT, there are varieties interoperability and integration challenges, from multiple platforms, numerous APIs, and protocols available for IoT integration. We will see more interoperability and standardization in IoT as devices become more connected.

 

The growth and acceptability of IoT will result in opportunities and disruptions, services will become more efficient and more cloud based, it will change our lives just like the internet did.  Immense value will be realised for individual’s health, organizations efficiency and public service. 

 

3RT Solutions is a provider of intelligent security intrusion detection systems, combining field proven technologies and products. We are system integrator with a global outlook and a local touch, offering monitoring, precise detection and tracking of unauthorized access for critical infrastructure and high value assets against threats vandalism and sabotage.  

 

 

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